- Opt for greener mobility: public transport, cycling, walking, carpooling.
- Do not use your car for short distances.
- Try to consume less fuel by driving in a less sporty way.
- Maintain your car well.
- Insulate your home properly.
- Ask your doctor if an ozone peak can have a particular impact on your health.
- Consult the website http://www.irceline.be/ for the current air quality situation.
- Do not run your engine when stationary.
- Do not refuel during the hottest time of the day.
- Stay indoors, where the ozone concentration is lowest.
- Inform yourself and follow the recommendations of the government.
- Limit your outdoor activities between 12 p.m. and 10 p.m. This applies in particular to:
- Elderly people
- People with heart or lung problems
- Babies and children
- Consult your doctor if you experience unusual breathing problems.
- Visit people in your surroundings who you know may be experiencing problems due to an ozone peak.
- There are no specific recommendations.
Impact and probability
In 2018, the National Crisis Center coordinated a large-scale risk assessment for Belgium for the period 2018-2023. Several experts assessed various risks based on their probability and their impact on people, society, the environment and the economy.
For the risk of 'large-scale deterioration of air quality', the analysis is:
- Impact: low impact
- Probability: very likely
Read more about this analysis and what this chart means here.
What do the authorities do?
The various authorities in Belgium have an ozone and heat plan. This plan consists of 3 phases:
- Vigilance phase: every year from 15 May to 30 September.
- Warning phase: when the temperature threshold is exceeded.
- Alert phase: when:
- The temperature threshold of the warning phase has been reached.
- The predicted maximum temperature for the day is higher than or equal to 28 °C.
- A too high ozone concentration has been measured at at least one measurement point.
- The measures already taken need to be reinforced.
Each regional government adopts measures during a vigilance or warning phase, for example supporting professionals who work with vulnerable groups. When a state of alert is declared, the federal government assumes a coordinating role.