Organisation in an emergency
In an emergency situation, we do not refer to the fire brigade, the ambulance or the police, but to discipline 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5. A discipline is a collection of tasks that can be carried out by the various services.
There are 5 disciplines in total.
- Discipline 1 – Relief operations. The tasks of this discipline include:
- Managing the emergency situation
- Bringing people and property to safety
- Gathering personnel and equipment as required
- Discipline 2 – Medical, sanitary and psychosocial services. The tasks of this discipline include:
- Starting up the medical chain
- Administering medical and psychosocial care
- Transporting victims
- Taking measures to protect public health
- Creating a reception centre for (relatives of) victims
- Discipline 3 – Police of the scene of the emergency. The tasks of this discipline include:
- Providing perimeters for easy arrival and departure of emergency services
- Maintaining and restoring order at the scene of the emergency
- Identifying deceased persons
- Cooperating in the judicial inquiry
- Discipline 4 – Logistical support. The tasks of this discipline include:
- Providing additional personnel or equipment
- Providing a location and the necessary technical means to enable the various disciplines to confer with each other
- Providing food and drink for the emergency services and persons affected (e.g. victims, local residents).
- Discipline 5 – Information to citizens. The tasks of this discipline include:
- Providing information about the situation, the measures taken and recommendations for persons affected (e.g. evacuate, close windows and doors).
- Analysing the needs and perceptions of the population, the media and specific target groups
- Receiving and informing the press
As each discipline includes a range of tasks, different services can carry out different tasks. For example, a firefighter (usually D1) can take care of victims (mission D2), Civil Protection (D4) can help extinguish fires (D1), and a police officer (D3) sometimes addresses the press or the population (D5).